Hyper-activation of pp60(Src) limits nitric oxide signaling by increasing asymmetric dimethylarginine levels during acute lung injury.

TitleHyper-activation of pp60(Src) limits nitric oxide signaling by increasing asymmetric dimethylarginine levels during acute lung injury.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsKumar, iv S, Sun X, Noonepalle SKumar, Lu Q, Zemskov E, Wang T, Aggarwal S, Gross C, Sharma S, Desai AA, Hou Y, Dasarathy S, Qu N, Reddy V, Lee SGon, Cherian-Shaw M, Yuan JX-J, Catravas JD, Rafikov R, Garcia JGN, Black SM
JournalFree Radic Biol Med
Date Published2017 Jan
ISSN Number1873-4596

<p>The molecular mechanisms by which the endothelial barrier becomes compromised during lipopolysaccharide (LPS) mediated acute lung injury (ALI) are still unresolved. We have previously reported that the disruption of the endothelial barrier is due, at least in part, to the uncoupling of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and increased peroxynitrite-mediated nitration of RhoA. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the molecular mechanisms by which LPS induces eNOS uncoupling during ALI. Exposure of pulmonary endothelial cells (PAEC) to LPS increased pp60(Src) activity and this correlated with an increase in nitric oxide (NO) production, but also an increase in NOS derived superoxide, peroxynitrite formation and 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT) levels. These effects could be simulated by the over-expression of a constitutively active pp60(Src) (Y527FSrc) mutant and attenuated by over-expression of dominant negative pp60(Src) mutant or reducing pp60(Src) expression. LPS induces both RhoA nitration and endothelial barrier disruption and these events were attenuated when pp60(Src) expression was reduced. Endothelial NOS uncoupling correlated with an increase in the levels of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) in both LPS exposed and Y527FSrc over-expressing PAEC. The effects in PAEC were also recapitulated when we transiently over-expressed Y527FSrc in the mouse lung. Finally, we found that the pp60-(Src)-mediated decrease in DDAH activity was mediated by the phosphorylation of DDAH II at Y207 and that a Y207F mutant DDAH II was resistant to pp60(Src)-mediated inhibition. We conclude that pp60(Src) can directly inhibit DDAH II and this is involved in the increased ADMA levels that enhance eNOS uncoupling during the development of ALI.</p>

Alternate JournalFree Radic. Biol. Med.
PubMed ID27838434
PubMed Central IDPMC5449193
Grant ListP01 HL101902 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL060190 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL067841 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States